Dry Skin: Types, Risk Factors, Treatments and more

Our skin, a resilient shield against the world, sometimes needs a little extra love. Dry skin, a common concern for many, signals a call for attention. Join us on a journey to understand and address dry skin, exploring its causes and discovering effective solutions. From causes to treatment choices, let’s unlock the secrets to achieving a well-hydrated, radiant complexion together.

Dry Skin Types, Risk Factors, Treatments and more
Dry Skin Types, Risk Factors, Treatments, and more

Types Of Dry Skin

Your skin can become dry due to exposure to dry weather conditions, hot water, and certain chemicals. Additionally, underlying medical conditions can also lead to dry skin. Dermatitis, the medical term for extremely dry skin, encompasses various types of this condition.

Contact Dermatitis:

  • Contact dermatitis emerges when your skin responds to a substance it comes into contact with, leading to localized inflammation.
  • Irritant contact dermatitis may occur when your skin is exposed to an irritating chemical, such as bleach.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis can develop when your skin encounters a substance to which you are allergic, like nickel.

Seborrheic Dermatitis: Seborrheic dermatitis arises from excessive oil production by the skin, leading to a red and scaly rash, typically found on the scalp. This form of dermatitis is prevalent in infants.

Atopic Dermatitis: Also recognized as eczema, atopic dermatitis is a persistent skin condition characterized by the emergence of dry, scaly patches on the skin. It is frequently observed in young children.

Other conditions, including psoriasis and type 2 diabetes, can also contribute to skin dryness.

What Causes Dry Skin?

What Causes Dry Skin
What Causes Dry Skin

Dry skin occurs when the skin loses water rapidly, leading to dehydration. Several factors can elevate the risk of increased water loss from the skin.

Factors Increasing the Risk of Dry Skin

While dry skin can affect anyone, certain risk factors heighten the likelihood of its development, including:

  1. Age: Older adults are more prone to developing dry skin due to a natural reduction in oil production from pores as they age.
  2. Medical History: Individuals with a history of conditions like eczema or allergic contact dermatitis, or a family history of allergic diseases, are more susceptible to dry skin.
  3. Season: Dry skin is more prevalent in fall and winter when humidity levels are lower. Conversely, higher humidity in summer helps prevent skin dryness.
  4. Bathing Habits: Frequent baths or washing with very hot water can increase the risk of dry skin.

Severe And Chronic Dry Skin

While occasional dryness is a common occurrence for many, some individuals may contend with persistent and severe dry skin. This condition manifests as frequent flakiness, irritation, or inflammation, making it challenging to effectively address.

What causes chronic dry skin?

Several causes and risk factors are associated with severe or chronic dry skin, including:

  • Medications
  • Advanced age
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disease, or kidney disease
  • Undergoing chemotherapy
  • Anorexia
  • Dysfunction of the skin barrier

Can Dry Skin Cause Acne?

Contrary to the belief that acne is exclusive to oily skin, it can also be triggered by dry skin. Acne breakouts may arise from general damage to the skin. To address both dry skin and acne, maintain your regular skincare routine and incorporate a specialized moisturizer for acne-prone skin twice a day. Additionally, steer clear of substances like rubbing alcohol, as they can exacerbate skin dryness.

Treatment For Dry Skin

The treatment plan recommended by your doctor will be contingent upon the underlying cause of your dry skin. In certain instances, they might advise consulting a skin specialist or dermatologist. Alongside lifestyle adjustments, your doctor may suggest the use of over-the-counter or prescription ointments, creams, or lotions to address your symptoms.

How To Prevent Dry Skin?

How To Prevent Dry Skin
How To Prevent Dry Skin

Incorporating simple lifestyle adjustments can be effective in preventing and alleviating dry skin. Consider the following:

  • Refrain from using hot water for bathing or showering.
  • Shower every other day instead of daily.
  • Limit your shower time to less than 10 minutes.
  • Use a moisturizing soap during bathing or showering.
  • Apply moisturizer immediately after bathing or showering.
  • Pat, rather than rub, wet skin dry with a soft towel.
  • Avoid itching or scrubbing dry skin patches.
  • Utilize a humidifier in your home.
  • Stay well-hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
  • Adjust your skincare routine as per your doctor’s guidance.

Selecting an appropriate moisturizer for your skin type is crucial. Opt for a petrolatum-based product if your skin is extremely dry.

During the summer, you may want to switch to a lighter, water-based lotion. Consider lotions with grapeseed oil and antioxidants, as they can aid in retaining moisture in your skin.

When To See A Doctor?

While most instances of dry skin can be effectively managed through lifestyle adjustments and home remedies, it may be necessary to seek assistance from your primary care doctor or a dermatologist if:

  1. Self-care measures prove ineffective in alleviating your signs and symptoms.
  2. Your skin experiences inflammation or pain.
  3. Dry, thick skin develops as a side effect of cancer treatment.
  4. Discomfort to the extent that it interferes with your sleep or daily routines.
  5. Scratching leads to open sores or infections.
  6. Large areas of scaly or peeling skin become apparent.


Is dry skin weak?

Severely dry skin is associated with an exceptionally weak barrier. As a result, moisture easily escapes, leading to rough, cracked, and flaky skin. The condition may cause sensations of roughness, tightness, or itchiness. Flaking skin is a common indicator, and in some cases, untreated severe dry skin may even lead to cracking and bleeding.

Is dry skin type rare?

Dry skin is actually quite common, but it may not align with popular perceptions. Dr. Julian explains that individuals with a dry skin type produce less sebum oil compared to those with balanced or oily skin. Sebum oil is essential for maintaining skin health and preserving moisture.

How long is dry skin?

Anticipated Duration: With proper skincare, the flakiness and itchiness of dry skin should show improvement within one or two weeks. In numerous cases, a quality moisturizer can start making your skin appear softer and more supple within minutes.

The Bottom Line

For occasional dry skin, simple lifestyle changes and over-the-counter moisturizers are usually effective. Consult your doctor for severe dry skin. Untreated dermatitis can worsen, leading to complications like open wounds and skin infections. Early treatment ensures quicker comfort and reduces the risk of complications.

This article is for informative reference and to explain the nuances, causes, and prevention of Dry Skin. To learn about our available treatments and services, please visit the L Spa Da Nang website.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Links to WhatsApp call and messaging app. Link to the KakaoTalk call and messaging app. Links to LINE messaging and call app. Links to the L Spa telephone number for voice call.